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  • Thomas Brannelid

AI in different areas

AI and Cybersecurity

This AI model can steal your data by listening to your keystrokes with 95% accuracy: Researchers from British universities have developed an AI capable of predicting users’ keystrokes with 95% accuracy by listening to the sounds produced when typing on a keyboard. The deep learning model records minute differences in keystrokes and uses waveform analysis to decipher the typed content, potentially compromising sensitive data like passwords and classified information. The study highlights the vulnerability of data, urging users to be vigilant about cybersecurity beyond avoiding phishing attacks. Hackers may no longer need a key logger to steal your password… just a microphone.

Deepfake speech is getting too good, fooling a quarter of listeners in study: A recent study by University College London highlights the growing challenge of detecting deepfake speech. The research found that humans can only identify deepfake speech with 73% accuracy, regardless of the language being used. The study warns that as deepfake technology improves, detection will become even harder, raising concerns about potential misuse in phone scams and misinformation. Experts emphasize the need for enhanced automated deepfake detectors to counter this evolving threat.

AI in Asia

How China is fast-tracking high-speed rail with AI-powered builders: China railway experts are utilizing AI-powered robots to construct labor-intensive components of the world’s largest high-speed railway network, leading to faster, safer, and more efficient construction. The advancements in robotic construction have broader implications for infrastructure projects within China and worldwide. The integration of AI in high-speed rail construction demonstrates China’s commitment to technological innovation and its potential impact on the global transportation sector.

Toyota, Pony.ai plan to mass produce robotaxis in China: Toyota and Pony.ai are planning to establish a joint venture to mass-produce robotaxis in China. The venture will use Pony.ai’s autonomous driving technology and ride-hailing services. Toyota and GAC-Toyota, a joint venture with Guangzhou Automobile Group, will invest over 1 billion yuan ($140 million). The move aligns with Toyota’s focus on smart cockpits and electric vehicles for the Chinese market. Pony.ai has been active in the self-driving car space, offering robotaxi services in multiple Chinese cities and the United States.

AI in Science and Health

Scientists develop AI system to alert us of next pandemic: Scientists from Scripps Research and Northwestern University have developed an AI system called early warning anomaly detection (EWAD) that utilizes machine learning to predict the emergence of dangerous virus variants in future pandemics. Through analyzing genetic sequences, frequencies, and mortality rates of virus variants, EWAD accurately predicted variants of concern (VOCs) during the COVID-19 pandemic. The system’s ability to anticipate threats before they are officially designated by the World Health Organization could revolutionize pandemic preparedness and aid in understanding viral evolution for better treatments and prevention strategies.

AI could speed up formation of material laws: Binghamton University’s Assistant Professor Pu Zhang has secured a National Science Foundation grant to explore how AI can expedite the discovery of complex material laws. Traditional formula creation for material properties can take decades, but Zhang’s research aims to use AI to analyze and interpret patterns from raw data, leading to faster discoveries. Employing symbolic AI, which interprets and generates equations, Zhang hopes to avoid common AI pitfalls, such as “hallucinations” or incorrect responses. The project may potentially revolutionize science and other scientific fields by harnessing AI’s potential.

AI in Military and Defense

XQ-58 Valkyrie Solves Air Combat 'Challenge Problem' While Under AI Control: The U.S. Air Force successfully tested its XQ-58A Valkyrie drone with advanced autonomous capabilities, using new AI-driven software. The drone completed aerial combat tasks autonomously after being trained millions of times in simulated environments. The test is part of the Next Generation Air Dominance modernization initiative, aiming to develop AI/ML agents for air-to-air and air-to-surface skills. While there will be a human operator in the loop (for now) the Air Force envisions integrating artificially, trained neural networks into real-world operations for future capabilities. China’s PLA is also actively pursuing AI-driven capabilities in tactical air combat.

AI Hardware Market

AMD Confirms Next-Gen Instinct MI400 Series AI Accelerators Already In The Works: AMD has confirmed its plans to develop the next-gen MI400 Instinct series AI accelerators, aiming to compete aggressively in the AI industry. The CEO, Lisa Su, emphasized the need to improve software development for better support of generative AI applications. AMD’s Instinct lineup offers top-of-the-line hardware specs, but they aim to enhance software support to rival NVIDIA. Apart from the MI400 series, AMD also disclosed plans for “cut-down” MI300 variants for Chinese markets. The MI400 accelerators are expected to bring better performance and value, challenging NVIDIA’s dominance in the AI market.

AI chip startup Tenstorrent lands $100M investment from Hyundai and Samsung: AI chip startup Tenstorrent has secured a significant $100 million investment from Hyundai Motor Group and Samsung Catalyst Fund in a convertible note funding round. The funding will be used for product development, design, and machine learning software roadmap. Tenstorrent specializes in AI processors and licenses AI software solutions, and its recent focus on licensing and partnerships may help it compete against industry giants like Nvidia, Google, and Amazon, who are also vying for dominance in the AI chip market. The AI chip sector is predicted to be a significant part of the $450 billion semiconductor market by 2025.

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